“Apollo Theater: Center of African-American popular culture on 125th Street in New York’s Harlem district. Built in 1914, it hosted musical performers such as Bill ‘Bojangles’ Robinson, Billie Holiday, Bessie Smith, Ethel Waters, Duke Ellington, and others in the 1930s and 1940s; such stars as Ella Fitzgerald and Sarah Vaughn, and James Brown were discovered on Wednesday amateur nights. In the 1960s the Apollo featured soul artists such as the Supremes, Stevie Wonder, and Marvin Gaye. Converted into a movie theater in 1975, it reopened as a performance venue in 1983.”
Excerpted from: Stevens, Mark A., Ed. Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Encyclopedia. Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster, 2000.