Tag Archives: Asian Pacific History

Lu Hsun

Lu Hsun: (also romanized as Lu Xun; pseudonym of Chou Shu-jen, 1881-1936) Generally regarded as modern China’s finest writer. Born to a family of traditional scholars, because of the death of his father and a decline in the family fortunes, he was sent to a school that taught Western technical subjects. He later studied Western medicine in Japan, but soon realized that his people needed more than physical healing. He quit his medical studies and turned to literature, returning to China to use his writing to expose the superstitions and injustices of the early Republican period. He his best known for his two collections of short stories, Nahan (generally translated as Call to Arms), published in 1923, and Panghuang (Wandering) published in 1926. His story “A Madman’s Diary” (“K’uang-jen ji-chi) vividly and painfully chronicles the growing realization of the cannibalistic, “dog-eat-dog” nature of Chinese society. “The New Year’s Sacrifice” (“Chu-fu”) is an account of a modern intellectual’s disturbing and eye-opening return to his traditional home for the New Year’s festivities. Painfully aware of the limitations of literature for effecting real change, in 1926 he stopped writing fiction altogether. Translations of his works include Diary of a Madman and Other Stories (1990), The Complete Stories of Lu Xun (1956-60), and Selected Stories of Lu Xun (1980), as well as his seminal scholarly work, A Brief History of Chinese Fiction (1959).

Excerpted from: Murphy, Bruce, ed. Benet’s Reader’s Encyclopedia, Fourth Edition. New York: Harper Collins, 1996.

Independent Practice: Hinduism

Here is an independent practice worksheet on Hinduism. I don’t know about your school district, but in the years I taught in New York City, understanding the South Asian civilization (s) was a key part of the global studies curriculum.

If you find typos in this document, I would appreciate a notification. And, as always, if you find this material useful in your practice, I would be grateful to hear what you think of it. I seek your peer review.

Book of Answers: Salman Rushdie’s Death Sentence

“When did the Iranian government condemn writer Salman Rushdie to death?  Ayatollah Khomeini issued a death sentence against the author of The Satanic Verses on February 15, 1989. Rushdie has been in hiding since.”

Excerpted from: Corey, Melinda, and George Ochoa. Literature: The New York Public Library Book of Answers. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993.

Independent Practice: Three Chinese Dynasties

Here’s an independent practice (what teacher also call homework) worksheet on three Chinese dynasties. This is really a basic reading comprehension worksheet and therefore seeks to use the social studies curriculum as a means of increasing literacy.

If you find typos in this document, I would appreciate a notification. And, as always, if you find this material useful in your practice, I would be grateful to hear what you think of it. I seek your peer review.

Kyokutei Bakin

[Over the years in my classrooms, it was hard to miss the fact that students who struggled with reading, particularly the students of Asian Pacific descent I served, would nonetheless exhaust my school library’s supply of anime. In researching this post, I learned that Bakin’s best-known book, Hakkendenhas been adapted to anime. For that reason, I have tagged this as high-interest material.]

“Kyokutei Bakin: (1767-1849) Japanese fiction writer of the late-Tokugawa period. Bakin was among the most gifted writers of his time, and succeeded in establishing himself as a serious writer in an age dominated by the lowbrow entertainment genre of Gesaku. Bakin is best known for an extraordinary tour-de-force, Hakkenden (1814-1832), whose title translates, improbably, as “Eight Canine Biographies.” This high-flown historical romance of noble vengeance, with its thickly applied Confucianist morality of virtue rewarded and vice punished, ranks as Japan’s longest literary narrative. Hakkenden has retained its popularity in contemporary Japan, albeit in abridged modern editions.”

Excerpted from: Murphy, Bruce, ed. Benet’s Reader’s Encyclopedia, Fourth Edition. New York: Harper Collins, 1996.

Everyday Edit: Hiroshima Bombing

Don’t forget that April is Asian Pacific American History Month. Mark’s Text Terminal takes pains to observe four themed history months (Hispanic Heritage, Black or African-American, Women’s, and Asian Pacific American) each year. You can link to materials related to any of these commemorations by using the tags in the word clouds at the top right of this site.

Here is an Everyday Edit worksheet on the bombing of Hiroshima.

To give credit where it is so abundantly due, please don’t forget that the generous people at Education World give away a entire year’s supply of Everyday Edit worksheets.

Chinese Power of 9

“Nine has always been respected by the Chinese, for it has tonal resonance with ‘long lasting’ and was also associated with the Emperor, who had nine dragons embroidered on his robe and ruled over a court divided between nine ranks of courtiers who could gain nine sorts of reward. This respect for the power of 9 led to many social listings of 9, often charged with an observant sense of humor, as well as the more serious concept of how individuals were bound ninefold to their family, clan, and community.

Here are the 9 Admirable Social Habits:

*Relieving tension * Courteous attention. * Discreet

Mention * Tenacious retention * Assiduousness *

Wise abstention * Calculated prevention * Truthful

Intervention * A sense of dimension

The 9 Virtues—as defined for the near legendary Emperor Yu (2205-2100. BC) by his chief minister Kao-Yao:

*Affability combined with dignity * Mildness with

firmness * Bluntness with respectfulness * Ability with

reverence * Docility with boldness * Straightforwardness

with gentleness * Easiness with discrimination * Vigo

with sincerity * Valor with goodness

The 9 Follies:

*To think oneself immortal * To think investments are

secure * To mistake conventional good manners for

friendship * To expect any reward for doing right * To

imagine the rich regard you as an equal * To continue to

drink after you have begun to declare that you are sober

* To recite your own verse * To lend money and expect

its return * To travel with too much luggage

The 9 Jollities of a Peasant:

*To laugh * To fight * To fill the stomach * To forget

* To sing * To take vengeance * To discuss * To boast

* To fall asleep

The 9 Deplorable Public Habits:

*Drunkenness * Dirtiness * Shuffling * Over-loud voice

* Scratching * Unpunctuality * Peevishness

* Spitting * Repeated jests

And the 9 Final Griefs:

*Disappointed expectations * Irretrievable loss

* Inevitable fatigue * Unanswered prayers

* Unrequited service * Ineradicable doubt

* Perpetual dereliction * Death * Judgement”

Excerpted from: Rogerson, Barnaby. Rogerson’s Book of Numbers: The Culture of Numbers–from 1,001 Nights to the Seven Wonders of the World. New York: Picador, 2013.