“Red Cloud originally Mahpiua Luta: (1822-1909) American Indian leader. Born in present-day Nebraska, Red Cloud, as principal chief of the Oglala Teton Lakota (Sioux), led the opposition of both Sioux and Cheyenne to the U.S. government’s development of the Bozeman Trail to goldfields in Montana Territory (1865-67), Relentlessly attacking workers along the route from Fort Laramie (in modern Wyoming) to Montana, he refused offers to negotiate until the U.S. agreed to halt the project, whereupon he laid down his arms and allowed himself to be settled on the Red Cloud Agency in Nebraska.”
Excerpted from: Stevens, Mark A., Ed. Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Encyclopedia. Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster, 2000.