“Rhetorical Figure: An artful arrangement of words to achieve a particular emphasis and effect, as in apostrophe, chiasmus, and zeugma. A rhetorical figure does not alter the meanings of words as a metaphor may do. The repetitions in these lines from Gerard Manley Hopkins’s “St Winefred’s Well” are rhetorical in their emphasis and echoing:
‘T. What is it, Gwen, my girl? Why do you hove and haund me?
W. You came by Caerwys, sir?
V. I came by Caerwys
Some messenger there might have met/met you from my uncle.
T. Your uncle met the messenger-/met me; and this is the message:
Lord Bueno comes to night./
W. To night, sir!'”
Excerpted from: Cuddon, J.A. The Penguin Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory. New York: Penguin, 1992.