Aristotle’s Eightfold Chain of Politics

“The world is a garden fenced by the state * The state is power supported by law * Law is the policy which guides the ruler * The ruler is order protected by the army * The army are supporters sustained by money * Money is sustenance produced by subjects * Subjects are servants protected by justice * Justice is ingrained and is the support of the world

Aristotle’s Circle of Politics was elaborated by Ibn Khaldun to create the eight self-sustaining links in the chain of medieval statecraft.”

Excerpted from: Rogerson, Barnaby. Rogerson’s Book of Numbers: The Culture of Numbers–from 1,001 Nights to the Seven Wonders of the World. New York: Picador, 2013.

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