“Yangon: formerly Rangoon City (metro. Area pop., 1996 est.: 4,000,000), principal seaport, and capital of Myanmar, on the Yangon River. It was a fishing village until the present city was founded c.1755 by Burmese King Alaungpaya, and developed into a port. The British occupied in 1824-26 during the First Anglo-Burmese War and again took it in 1852 during the Second Anglo-Burmese War. After the British annexation of all of Burma (Myanmar) in 1886, Rangoon became the capital city. During World War II the Japanese occupied it and it suffered severe damage. In 1988 it was the scene of severe repression of anti-government demonstrators by the military. It handles more than 80% of Myanmar’s foreign commerce.”
Excerpted from: Stevens, Mark A., Ed. Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Encyclopedia. Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster, 2000.