“John Dewey: (1859-1952) American teacher, philosopher, and educational reformer. A believer in William James’s Pragmatism, Dewey employed the principles of that philosophy in his progressive movement in education. He advocated “learning by doing,” rejecting traditional autocratic methods of teaching by rote. Although his principles were adapted by many, not all of Dewey’s disciples were restrained by common sense. Among his many books are The School and Society (1899; rev 1908, 1915, 1932), Interest and Effort in Education (1913), Democracy and Education (1916), The Quest for Certainty (1929), Art as Experience (1934), and The Problems of Men (1946).”
Excerpted from: Murphy, Bruce, ed. Benet’s Reader’s Encyclopedia, Fourth Edition. New York: Harper Collins, 1996.