“Assyria: An ancient country in what is now northern Iraq, It was originally centered on Ashur, a city-state on the west bank of the Tigris, which first became prominent and expanded its borders in the 14th century B.C. From the 8th to the late 7th century B.C. Assyria was the dominant Near-Eastern power and created an empire which stretched from the Persian Gulf to Egypt. Its capital city was Nineveh near modern Mosul, Iraq. The state fell in 612 B.C., defeated by a coalition of Medes and Chaldeans.”
Excerpted from: Wright, Edmund, Ed. The Oxford Desk Encyclopedia of World History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.